Mulu National Park
Gunung Mulu National Park is one of Nature's most spectacular achievements
and the 'jewel in the crown' of Sarawak's expanding network of natinal
parks. It is also the largest national park, covering 544 sq km
of primary rainforest, which is criss-crossed by fast flowing rivers
and clear jungle streams. Mulu is dominated by three mountains -
Gunung Mulu (2,376 m), Gunung Api (1,750 m) and Gunung Benarat (1,585
m). Yet many of Mulu's greatest attractions lie deep below the surface.
Hidden underneath the forested slopes of these mountains is one
of the largest limestone cave systems in the world.
This system, a breath-taking natural wonder, contains a number
of record breaking caves. With the world's largest cave passage
(Deer Cave), the world's largest natural chamber (Sarawak Chamber),
and the longest cave in Southeast Asia (Clearwater Cave), it is
not surprising that Mulu is now world-famous. Over 200 km of cave
passages have been surveyed but this is thought to represent just
30-40% of the actual total.
The oldest of Mulu's caves started to form about 5 million years
ago when sideways earth movements resulted in the formation of both
limestone and sandstone mountains, lying side by side. Millions
of years of heavy rain and the action of rivers and running water
carved out the vast subterranean system that exists today. The weathering
process still continues; dripping water creates new rock features,
limestone is slowly worn away, and underground rivers carve and
sculpt the caves, transporting limestone debris to the cave mouth
or redistributing it within the system.
Although Mulu is synonymous with caves, the 'Mulu experience' is
not limited to underground attractions; above ground there is plenty
to see and do. The park is covered in rich primary rainforest and
offers a whole range of nature-based activities. There are some
excellent jungle treks and mountain hikes, including the challenging
trek to view the Pinnacles - 45 metre high, razor sharp limestone
spikes that sit majestically on the slopes of Gunung Api.
With it's rich bio-diversity, and world-famous caves, Mulu offers
the adventurous traveller and exhilarating cave and rainforest experience,
possibly unmatched anywhere else on Earth.
Entry Permits & Fees
There is a nominal entry fee for all National Parks in Sarawak.
Photo permits are also required. Check with the National Parks and
Wildlife Office in Kuching or Miri for the lastest fee structure.
If you am travelling on a tour, your operator will obtain the required
entry permit. Independent travellers going to the park via Miri
are advised to collect an entry permit from the Visitors Information
Centre which is located near to Miri bus station. Those flying direct
to Mulu can obtain a permit at the park HQ upon arrival.