Home malaysia hotel & tour reservation
malaysia hotel & tour reservation
HOME  |  ABOUT US  |  FAQ  |  HELP
malaysia hotel & tour reservation
malaysia hotel & tour reservation
malaysia hotel & tour reservation Order Tracking
malaysia hotel & tour reservation malaysia hotel & tour reservation malaysia hotel & tour reservation malaysia hotel & tour reservation malaysia hotel & tour reservation

share
I Langkawi Island I Pangkor Island I Redang Island I Perhentian Island I Lang Tengah Island I Tioman Island I Taman Negara I Kenyir Lake I
I Cameron Highlands
IFraser's Hill I Cherating I Kuching I Tunku Abdul Rahman Park I Mount Kinabalu I Penang I Pulau Payar I All States I

Niah - Early Human Settlements

Niah - Early Human Settlements

Introduction I Location Map I Treks & Trails I Getting There I
Early Human Settlements I Visiting The Park I The Great Cave I
The Painted Cave I Birds Nests I Wildlife and The Rainforest

Niah's importance was first realised in 1957. The curator of the Sarawak Museum, Tom Harrisson, led an archaeological dig at the West Mouth of the Great Cave. The excavations revealed plenty of evidence of human settlements in the area; tools, cooking utensils and ornaments, made of bone, stone or clay. The types of items found suggested a long period of settlement reaching back into the palaeolithic era (the earliest part of the stone age).

Niah - Early Human Settlements

In 1958, a discovery was made which confirmed Niah's place as a site of major archaeological significance. Harrisson and his team unearthed a skull which was estimated to be 40,000 years old. The find was at first ridiculed by the scientific community, for it was the skull of a modern human (homo sapiens sapiens), and it was widely believed that Borneo was settled much later. However, as dating techniques improved, and as more evidence of the settlement of Southeast Asia and Australasia came to light, Harrisson was proved right.

What is most interesting about Niah, however, is the comtinued human presence over tens of thousands of years, and the sophistication of the societies that gradually developed there. A large burial site further into the mouth of the cave had clearly been used from palaeolithic times right up to the modern era, as late as 1400 AD. The earliest graves, found in the deepest levels, were simple shallow graves without adornment. Yet moving up through the layers, conffins and urns appeared, along with grave goods such as pottery, textiles and ornaments, and even glass and metal items, which came comparatively late to Borneo.

The Great Cave is not the only important archaeological site. The Painted Cave, as its name suggests, houses detailed wall-paintings depicting the boat journey of the dead into the afterlife. The meaning of the paintings was explained by the discovery of a number of "death-ships" on the cave floor - boat-shaped coffins containing the remains of the deceased and a selection of grave-goods considered useful in the afterlife, such as Chinese ceramics, ornaments and glass beads. The death-ships have been dated as ranging between 1 AD and 780 AD, although local Penan folklore tells of the use of death-ship burials as late as the 19th century.

SARAWAK
Introduction
Location Map
Getting There
Major City Distance
Accommodation
Tour Package
 
Islands & Beaches
Damai Beach
Places of Interest
Islamic Museum
Living Museum
Longhouses
Kuching
Kuching Waterfront
Sarawak Handicraft
Sarawak Museum
Semenggoh Wildlife Rehabilitation Centre
Sibu
The Pinnacles
Hills/Forest Parks
Bako National Park
Mulu National Park
Niah National Park
River Safaris
The Lemanak River Safari
The Skrang River Safari
Must Buy in Sarawak
Pottery
Wood
Textiles
Beads
Bamboo
Rattan
Reed Basket
Terendak
Sarawak Pepper
Salted Terubok Fish
Bario Rice
Sarikei Pineapple
sGo to Top
I MALAYSIA / General Information I
I
Johor
I Kedah I Kelantan I Kuala Lumpur I Labuan I Melaka I Negeri Sembilan I Pahang I Penang I Perak I Perlis I Sabah I Sarawak I Selangor I Terengganu I

[ M A L A Y S I A ]

Endorsed by Tourism Malaysia

Special Notice for Blogger
Individual webmaster / blogger / moderator who wishes to apply CUTI content on their website / blog / forum is allowed by adding either CUTI logo, Visit Malaysia Year 2007 logo or the text "www.cuti.com.my", either way must have a hyperlink links to http://www.cuti.com.my.


ADVERTISE HERE I ABOUT US I TERMS & CONDITIONS I PRIVACY POLICY I FAQ I HELP

© 2000 - 2008 Cuti.com.my
All Rights Reserved.
All Trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
We build N-E-T